直接代码

实现一

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;

public class SpellHelper {

/**
* 将中文转换为拼音
* @param name
* @return
*/
public static String getEname(String name) {
HanyuPinyinOutputFormat pyFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
pyFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
pyFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
pyFormat.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);

try {
return PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinString(name, pyFormat, "");
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return "";
}

/**
* 取字符拼音的第一个字母
* @param name
* @return
*/
public static String getFirstEName(String name) {
if(DyString.isEmpty(name))
return "";

String spell = "";
String _name = name.replaceAll("[ ― …《》\\.,,。;`;\\!!\\??‘’<>\"“”、■#★●【】\\{\\}\\[\\]()+{}[]\\(\\)\\|\\-::~~!@#$%^&*\\(\\)/\\,\\.¥——]", "").trim();

char[] strs = _name.toCharArray();
for (int i = 0; i < strs.length; i++) {
String upCaseText = getEname("" + strs[i]);
spell += upCaseText.substring(0, 1);
}
return spell;
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println(getEname("长沙阁酒店公寓(瑞苑)"));
System.out.println(getFirstEName("长沙阁酒店公寓(瑞苑)"));
}

}

实现二

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;

/**
* 汉字转换拼音工具类
*
* @Author liuxing
* @Date 2013-03-14
*/
public class PinYin4JCn {

private static HanyuPinyinOutputFormat spellFormat = null;
private static String reg = "[ ― …《》\\.,,。;`;\\!!\\??‘’<>\"“”、■#★●【】\\{\\}\\[\\]()+{}[]\\(\\)\\|\\-::~~!@#$%^&*\\(\\)/\\,\\.¥——]";

/**
* 将中文转换为拼音
* 不区分多音字
* @param name
* @return
*/
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public static String converterNoSpaceSpell(String name) {
if(spellFormat == null){
spellFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
spellFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
spellFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
spellFormat.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);
}

try {
return PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinString(name, spellFormat, "");
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return "";
}

/**
* 将中文转换为全拼(带空格)
* 不区分多音字
* @param name
* @return
*/
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public static String converterSpell(String name) {
if(spellFormat == null){
spellFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
spellFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
spellFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
spellFormat.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);
}

try {
return PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinString(name, spellFormat, " ");
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return "";
}

/**
* 取字符拼音的第一个字母
* 不区分多音字
* @param name
* @return
*/
public static String converterToFirstSpell(String name) {
if(Strings.isEmpty(name)){
return "";
}

String spell = "";
String _name = name.replaceAll(reg, "").trim();

char[] strs = _name.toCharArray();
String upCaseText = null;
for (int i = 0; i < strs.length; i++) {
upCaseText = converterNoSpaceSpell("" + strs[i]);
spell += upCaseText.substring(0, 1);
}
return spell;
}

/**
* 汉字转换位汉语拼音首字母,英文字符不变,
* 特殊字符丢失 支持多音字,生成方式如(重当参:cdc,zds,cds,zdc)
* @param chines
* @return
*/
public static String converterToFirstSpellWithPolyphone(String chines) {
StringBuffer pinyinName = new StringBuffer();
char[] nameChar = chines.toCharArray();
HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
for (int i = 0; i < nameChar.length; i++) {
if (nameChar[i] > 128) {
try {
// 取得当前汉字的所有全拼
String[] strs = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(nameChar[i], defaultFormat);
if (strs != null) {
for (int j = 0; j < strs.length; j++) {
// 取首字母
pinyinName.append(strs[j].charAt(0));
if (j != strs.length - 1) {
pinyinName.append(",");
}
}
}
// else {
// pinyinName.append(nameChar[i]);
// }
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
} else {
pinyinName.append(nameChar[i]);
}
pinyinName.append(" ");
}
return parseTheChineseByObject(discountTheChinese(pinyinName.toString()));
}

/**
* 汉字转换位汉语全拼,英文字符不变,特殊字符丢失
* 支持多音字,生成方式如(重当参:zhongdangcen,zhongdangcan,chongdangcen,chongdangshen,zhongdangshen,chongdangcan)
* @param chines
* @return
*/
public static String converterToSpellWithPolyphone(String chines) {
StringBuffer pinyinName = new StringBuffer();
char[] nameChar = chines.toCharArray();
HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
for (int i = 0; i < nameChar.length; i++) {
if (nameChar[i] > 128) {
try {
// 取得当前汉字的所有全拼
String[] strs = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(
nameChar[i], defaultFormat);
if (strs != null) {
for (int j = 0; j < strs.length; j++) {
pinyinName.append(strs[j]);
if (j != strs.length - 1) {
pinyinName.append(",");
}
}
}
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
} else {
pinyinName.append(nameChar[i]);
}
pinyinName.append(" ");
}
return parseTheChineseByObject(discountTheChinese(pinyinName.toString()));
}

/**
*
* 功能说明:获取所有的优化结果集
* 刘兴 2013-8-7 下午5:19:24
* 修改者名字:
* 修改日期:
* 修改内容:
* @param str
* @return
*/
public static String converterToAllSpellWithPolyphone(String str){
String firstSpell = converterToFirstSpellWithPolyphone(str);
String spell = converterToSpellWithPolyphone(str);

if(Strings.isNotEmpty(firstSpell)){
firstSpell = firstSpell + ",";
}
return firstSpell + spell;
}

/**
* 去除多音字重复数据
* @param theStr
* @return
*/
private static List<Map<String, Integer>> discountTheChinese(String theStr) {
// 去除重复拼音后的拼音列表
List<Map<String, Integer>> mapList = new ArrayList<Map<String, Integer>>();
// 用于处理每个字的多音字,去掉重复
Map<String, Integer> onlyOne = null;
String[] firsts = theStr.split(" ");
// 读出每个汉字的拼音
for (String str : firsts) {
onlyOne = new Hashtable<String, Integer>();
String[] china = str.split(",");
// 多音字处理
for (String s : china) {
Integer count = onlyOne.get(s);
if (count == null) {
onlyOne.put(s, new Integer(1));
} else {
onlyOne.remove(s);
count++;
onlyOne.put(s, count);
}
}
mapList.add(onlyOne);
}
return mapList;
}

/**
* 解析并组合拼音,对象合并方案
* @param list
* @return
*/
private static String parseTheChineseByObject(List<Map<String, Integer>> list) {
Map<String, Integer> first = null; // 用于统计每一次,集合组合数据

for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
// 每一组集合与上一次组合的Map
Map<String, Integer> temp = new Hashtable<String, Integer>();

// 第一次循环,first为空
if (first != null) {
// 取出上次组合与此次集合的字符,并保存
for (String s : first.keySet()) {
for (String s1 : list.get(i).keySet()) {
temp.put(s + s1, 1);
}
}

// 清理上一次组合数据
if (temp != null && temp.size() > 0) {
first.clear();
}
} else {
for (String s : list.get(i).keySet()) {
temp.put(s, 1);
}
}

// 保存组合数据以便下次循环使用
if (temp != null && temp.size() > 0) {
first = temp;
}
}

if (first == null)
return "";

String reltStr = "";

for (String str : first.keySet()) {
reltStr += ("," + str);
}

if (Strings.isNotEmpty(reltStr)) {
return reltStr.replaceFirst(",", "");
}

return reltStr;
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
String str = "单田芳";
// System.out.println(converterToFirstSpellWithPolyphone(str));
// System.out.println(converterToSpellWithPolyphone(str));
// System.out.println(converterSpell(str));
System.out.println(converterToFirstSpellWithPolyphone(str));
}

}